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Wednesday, November 23, 2011

गरीबी पर प्रयोग


xjhch ij ç;ksx
oSls rks bl ns'k esa  lfn;ksa ls xjhcksa ij ç;ksx gksrs jgs gS A ij gky esa gh xjhch ij fd;k x;k ;g ç;ksx vius vki esa fof'k"V vkSj ns'k ds jktusrkvks]ukSdj'kkgksa  ds lkeus ,d uthj is'k djus okyk gS A vesfjdk dh nks ukeh f'k{k.k laLFkkvksa ls i<+dj vk, vkSj uanu fuysduh ds usr`Ro esa ;wuhd vkbMsafVfQds'ku vFk‚fjVh ls tqM+dj dke dj jgs rq"kkj of'k"B vkSj eSF;w psfj;u Hkkjr esa  ;kstuk vk;ksx }kjk is'k dh xbZ vkfèkdkfjd ifjHkk"kk ls brus çHkkfor gq, fd mUgksaus 32 #i;s jkstkuk ds [kpZ esa dqN fnu xqtkjus dk QSlyk dj fy;k A ljdkj us 'kgj esa 32 vkSj xkao esa 26 #i, okyh tks xjhch js[kk fuèkkZfjr dh gS] mlds çlax esa ns'k dh bu  nks esèkkoh 'kf[l;rksa us bldk O;kogkfjd ijh{k.k djds ns[kk fd 26 ;k 32 #i, çfrfnu esa D;k ,d ukxfjd viuh xqtj&clj dj Hkh ldrk gS\ budk ;g vf}rh; ç;ksx ikap g¶rksa rd pykA viuh t:jrksa esa dVkSrh djus ds mijkar igys g¶rs esa ;s bl fu"d"kZ ij igqaps fd 'kgj esa Ms<+ lkS #i, çfrfnu ls de esa ,d O;fä thou xqtkj gh ugha ldrkA fQj nks g¶rksa ds fy, bu nksuksa us vius [kpkZs esa vkSj dVkSrh dh] rks Hkh [kpkZ lkS #i, çfrfnu jgkA bUgksaus fu"d"kZ fudkyk fd lkS #i, jkst ij thou xqtkjuk cgqr etcwjh Hkjk dke gSA blds ckn vxys nks g¶rksa ds fy, bUgksaus vius lHkh [kpkZs esa dVkSrh dj nh vkSj 32 #i;ksa esa ftank jgdj fn[kk;kA fu"d"kZ ;g fudyk fd 'kgjksa esa 32 #i, esa flQZ ftank jgus ds fy, gh th;k tk ldrk gSA ikap g¶rksa ds ç;ksx esa bUgksaus ;g tkuus dh dksf'k'k Hkh dh fd xjhc yksx blls Hkh de vkenuh esa dSls ftank jgrs gksaxs\
budk vafre fu"d"kZ ;g gS fd balku ?ku?kksj xjhch esa Hkh tSls&rSls thfor jg ysrk gS] ij mldh 'kkjhfjd vkSj ekufld rkdr bruh de gks tkrh gS fd [kqn ;k vius ifjokj dks xjhch ls futkr fnykus ds ckjs esa og lksp Hkh ugha ikrkA bUgksaus dgk gS fd 'kgjksa esa xjhch dh js[kk 120 ls 150 #i, jkst dh vk; ij fuèkkZfjr gksuh pkfg,] rks xkaoksa esa 90 ls 110 #i, ds chpA ljdkj budh ;g flQkfj'k rks ekuus ls jgh] ij bUgksaus tks fd;k gS] og ljkguh; gSA dk'k gekjs ns'k ds çèkkuea=h  eueksgu flag th vkSj eksaVsd Hkh dksbZ ,slk gh ç;ksx djds ns[krs] rks le> ikrs fd xjhch gS D;k\ eS rks ;g dgrk gw fd O;kogkfjd ;g gksxk fd bl fjiksVZ dks cukus okys lHkh ;kstuk vk;ksx ds lnL;ksa dks 965 #i;s nsdj dgk tk;s fd vki lc yksx bu #i;s ij de ls de 1 eghuk xqtj clj djds fn[kk, A vxj laHko gks rks bl fjiksVZ ij gLrk{kj djus okys ;kstuk vk;ksx ds vè;{k gekjs ekuuh; çèkkuea=h th dks Hkh blh rjg O;kogkfjd :i ls ,d ckj 'kgj ;k xk¡o esa brus gh #i;s ij jgus dks dgk tk;s A rc bu yksxks dks le> esa vk,xk fd fjiksVZ cukus vkSj okLrfod thou thus esa fdruk QdZ gS A ;g ns'k fd foMEcuk gS fd brus cM+s vFkZ'kkL=h çèkkuea=h ds gksrs gq, Hkh ]bruh pje egxkbZ dks ns[krs gq, Hkh ;kstuk vk;ksx }kjk bl rjg fd fjiksVZ cukbZ xbZ | ;g rks ljklj xjhc vkSj xjhcksa ds lkFk etkd gS A
xjhch ij fd;k x;k ;g ç;ksx vkius vki esa cgqr egRoiw.kZ gS D;ksfd bl ç;ksx dks ,sls 2 yksxksa us fd;k  ftUgksaus viuh f'k{kk Hkh vesfjdk ls çkIr dh gS lkFk esa èkuk<î vkSj  lkèku laiUu Hkh gS A ;g mu yksxks ds fy, ,d uthj gS tks ikap flrkjk gksVyksa ds okrkuqdwfyr dejksa esa cSBdj xjhcks ij fjiksVZ cukrs gS A xjhch ij vè;;u ds fy, dbZ ns'kks dh ;k=k;s dh tkrh gS vkSj mu ij djksMks #i;s [kpZ fd;s tkrs gS A ;kstuk vk;ksx us egxkbZ ds c<+rs cks> ls xjhcks dh ubZ ifjHkk"kk cukbZ gS A xk¡o esa xjhc dk ?kj jkstkuk 26 #i;s esa pykus dh ckr djus okys ;kstuk vk;ksx ds mikè;{k eksaVsd flag vgyqokfy;k dk fons'k ;k=kvks dk jkstkuk vkSlr [kpZ gS 11354 #i;s A ;kstuk vk;ksx us ,d vkjVhvkbZ ds tokc esa ;g crk;k fd vgywokfy;k us ikap lky esa tqykbZ 2006 ls tqykbZ 2011 rd ljdkjh [kpZ ij 35 ckj fons'k ;k=k;s dh ftu ij dqy 2 djksM 4 yk[k 36 gtkj 825 #i;s dk [kpZ vk;k A jkstkuk vkSlru fons'k ;k=k ij 11354 #i;s [kpZ djus okys vgywokfy;k xjhcksa dk nnZ Hkh dSls le>sa A
vkt Hkkjr foÜo dh pkSFks uacj dh vFkZO;oLFkk gS A vkt yxHkx gj {ks= esa Hkkjr vPNh rjDdh dj jgk gS|gekjh {kerk dk yksgk lkjh nqfu;k eku jgh gS A ysfdu bruh rjDdh gksus ds ckotwn Hkkjr vkt Hkh xjhc jk"Vªksa esa 'kqekj gS A Hkkjr tSlh fodkl'khy vFkZO;oLFkk ds fy, xjhch ,d vfHk'kki cudj mHkjh gS A blfy, jk"Vªfgr esa ;g vko';d gS dh bldk mUewyu fd;k tk;s A
vkt thMhih ds  vkadM+s  flQZ  dkxtksa rd gh lhfer gS A vly esa rks vkt Hkh >qXxh >ksiMh esa jgus okys yksx 40 ls 50 :i;s jkstkuk dekrs gS A mudk thouLrj dkQh fuEu gS A mUgsa nks oä dh jksVh ds fy, Hkh la?k"kZ djuk iM+ jgk gS A ns'k dh vkèkh ls T;knk vkcknh xjhch js[kk ls uhps thou O;kiu dj jgh gS| blfy, ;g vko';d gS dh bl xaHkhj leL;k dh rjQ ljdkj dk è;ku vkdf"kZr gksuk pkfg, A foÜo laLFkk,a]foÜo cSad vkfn Hkh fuèkZurk nwj djus ds fy, dkQh enn djrs gS A ysfdu og enn Hkz"Vkpkj ds dkj.k xjhcksa rd ugha igq¡p ikrh A blds dkj.k mudh fLrfFk esa dksbZ lqèkj ugha gqvk gS A blls fuiVus ds fy, lcls igys ljdkj dks Hkz"Vkpkj nwj djuk iM+sxk rHkh lgh ek;us esa xjhch dk mUewyu gksxk A blds fy, ljdkj ds lkFk&lkFk turk dk Hkh Q+t+Z curk gS fd viuh dekbZ dk NksVk lk fgLlk xjhcks dks nsuk pkfg, A rHkh Hkkjr lgh ek;us esa fodflr ns'k dgyk;xk A  
gekjs ns'k esa  usrkvks ]ukSdj'kkgksa dh laosnu'khyrk ]tokcnsgh yxrk gS [kRe gks xbZ gS A ugha rks bruh 'keZukd fjiksVZ lkeus ugha vkrh ftldk okLrfodrk ls dksbZ lEcUèk ugha gks A okLro esa bl fjiksVZ  dk vlyh edln lLrs nj ij forfjr fd, tkus okys vukt dh ek=k dks de djuk gSA tc ;kstuk vk;ksx ds ,sls bjkns gksa rks fQj fdlh dks ;g mEehn ugha djuh pkfg, fd tks [kk| lqj{kk foèks;d ppkZ esa gS og vke vkneh dk Hkyk djus okyk gS  A

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